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How to build a compost bin

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Building a Compost Bin for your backyard takes about 15 minutes. It's easy, convenient and you'll wonder why you didn't build one sooner. It makes compost quicker and cleaner than compost piles. You can also make one of these and have your own compost, even if you live in an apartment with no backyard. It is so easy to make, gives nutritious homemade compost for your plants.

Steps
Recycle or buy a plastic pail/bin with a tight fitting lid about 24 inches tall or taller. Your pail needs a lid to keep critters out and to keep soil moist.
With a drill, drill 8 to 10 small holes in the bottom of your container for aeration purposes. If necessary, drill a few holes on the sides/walls of the bin.
Place your compost bin in a shady area away from your home in the back yard. If you live in an apartment or have no backyard you can place your bin on the patio. Be sure your compost is not in full sun or your compost will dry out.
Place some shredded newspaper or dry leaves on the bottom of your compost bin, fill about 1/8 - 1/4 full.
Place dirt from your garden on top of the newspaper, until your compost is 1/2 full.
Grape stems, onion skins, coffee grounds....it's all good stuff!
Now, place any food scraps or paper products into compost such as fruit, vegetables, crushed egg shells, paper towels, etc.

Give your compost a little stir with a shovel or stick, making sure to cover your food scraps with dirt.
Spray with lukewarm water until moist, but not soaking wet.
With a drill make 8 to 10 small holes on bin lid.
Place lid on compost, every other day you add food scraps to bin you should give it a stir. Mixing the compost will help breakdown the scraps faster.
Wait 2 - 3 months to use your compost. Compost can be used as mulch to cover flower beds, as potting soil and as a sprinkled over your grass as a lawn conditioner. Don't use it all though, save at least 1/3 of your original compost and then you can start all over again.

Tips
One of the most common problems with having a compost is the smell. If your compost begins to smell very strong it could be due to too much water in your bin or too many scraps. To ease this problem, do not add any extra scraps for a few days, stir the compost to aerate and drill a few more small holes if necessary.
For faster decomposition, chop the materials into smaller pieces rather than big pieces. Smaller pieces decompose faster and decomposition time is reduced. Make sure the bin is moist all the time, but not soaking wet as this may result in slow and untidy compost.
For easier mixing, tip the bin on its side and roll it a few times, everyday.

Warnings
Fruit flies can become a nuisance with compost bins, if your compost is far enough away from your house you won't have a problem. If the compost is close or next to your home just cover the top of you compost with a small scrap of carpet or some plastic with a small rock on top.
Don't put meat in a compost bin or it will attract raccoons and rats. It may also make your compost smelly.
When the scraps are fully decomposed, from top to bottom, do not use it yet. Newly decomposed compost still contains heat that may kill the plants. To avoid this, make sure the scraps are well decomposed. Remove the lid of the bin and place the bin on a sheltered area away from direct sun and rain. Leave the bin on its position for 2 days or until the compost is cool enough to touch. This time, the compost is ready to be applied.
Things You'll Need
Pail/Bin with tight fitting lid
Drill
Drill bit(smaller, better)
Shredded newspaper/dried leaves
Soil
Kitchen and Garden scraps
Sprayer
Lukewarm water
(optional)Small scrap of carpet